Asian elephants are at risk of extinction because of habitat fragmentation and poaching for their ivory, meat, and skin. We have partnered with Global Conservation to support its efforts in protecting the prime Asian elephant habitat in several countries, where they have gotten involved with local environmental organizations. Global Conservation has conservation projects for these elephants in the Cardamom National Park in Cambodia, Alaungdaw Kathapa National Park in Myanmar, Thap Lan National Park in Thailand, Leuser Ecosystem National Park, and DaMal ecosystem in Malayan Borneo. New technologies are being implemented, such as control commands, cameras, aerial surveillance, and rangers.

Common name Asian elephant

Scientific name Elephas maximus

Status IUCN Endangered

Distribution Southeast Asia, China, the Malay Peninsula, and Borneo

Population 28,000 - 40,000 individuals

Trend Decreasing

Threats Habitat loss and illegal ivory trade

Photo by Global Conservation

Distribution, habits, and status

Asian elephant population has decreased more than 90% since 1900. It is currently estimated around 28,000 to 40,000 individuals. They are listed as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and included in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). The main conservation actions to protect them are habitat protection and stop illegal trade, poaching and other human – elephant conflicts.