Tigers are one of the most endangered mammals in the world. The Southeast Asian population is made up of less than 1,000 individuals. We are working alongside Global Conservation and its partners to protect the habitat of the most threatened populations in Thailand and Sumatra (Indonesia). In Thailand, tigers were considered locally extinct. Fortunately, in 2017, a small population of around 18 tigers was found in Thap Lan National Park. In Sumatra, there are an estimated 400 tigers remaining, of which, 100 inhabit the Leuser ecosystem. This ecosystem is one of the only two regions with enough breeding females to sustain the unique island’s subspecies. Global Conservation is deploying what is known as Global Park Defense Systems, which comprises long-range thermal cameras, cellular trailcam networks, command centers, and forest patrols to protect these precious forests, its tigers, and thousands of other species of plants and animals.

Common name Southeast Asian tiger

Scientific name Panthera tigris

Status IUCN Critically endangered

Distribution Southeast Asia

Population Fewer than 4,500 individuals

Trend Decreasing

Threats Habitat loss and illegal hunting

Photo by Global Conservation

Photo by Global Conservation

Distribution, habits, and status

Tigers are one of the largest carnivores found in Asia. They prey on a large variety of animals, but predominantly deer and antelopes, such as the Sambar deer. Tigers live mostly in tropical areas, with dense forests. However, they are also found in the temperate broadleaf forests of eastern Russia. Historically, they were distributed over a vast range in Asia, from the Caspian Sea to the oriental coast of Russia, and all the way south to Indonesia. Unfortunately, hunting and habitat destruction has resulted in a massive decline in their population size, and tigers are now only found in nearly 6% of their historic range. There are six recognized subspecies, which inhabit India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Russia, China, Myanmar, Vietnam, peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia (Sumatra). Tigers have recently become extinct in Laos and Cambodia.